Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (URTI) is a common condition in most primary care clinics throughout the world. It has an equal distribution among all ages and races. The condition may seem trivial in nature however there are instances where it could possibly lead to serious complications. URTI has many etiologies and causative factors. Medical literature would usually dictate the common cause as viral infection however oral antibiotics are still commonly prescribed for this condition. Despite world wide warning and consensus on the increase of antibiotic resistance, there is still a wide abuse of antibiotics.
There are several available guidelines on URTI worldwide such as Centre of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA). However, in Malaysia there is no specific guideline available for URTI which warrants for the need of this guideline.
The main objective of this guideline is to provide evidence-based guidance in the management of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) particularly when it manifests as Rhinosinusitis, Pharyngitis and Acute Otitis Media.
The design of this guideline enables the primary care doctors to clearly understand key points of each disease condition such as assessment, diagnosis, treatment and its management. It will incorporate all the best available evidences from the medical literature and also guides the primary healthcare doctors to refer the patients to the specialties accordingly.
Malaysian Society of Otorhinolaryngology Head Neck Surgery (MSO HNS) has worked with the development of this guideline and was supported through an education fund from Kotra Pharma (M) Sdn Bhd.
For further reading, please download the below PDF document
ConsensusGuideline_URTI_2009.pdf (pdf - 762 Kb)